Artificial intelligence (AI) is an area of computer science that draw attention on creation of intelligent machines which work and react like humans. AI is different from robotics, but related to some extent, in which machines sense their environment, platform calculations and do physical tasks either by themselves or under the direction of people.
Applications of AI:
Chess-playing computers and self-driving automobiles are two other instances of AI devices. Each of these machines must consider the effects of every choice they make even though every action will have an impact on the final result. The objective of the game in chess is to win. All environmental data must be considered and analysed by the computer system for self-driving vehicles to operate in a way that avoids accidents.
Different aspects of Artificial Intelligence:
Strong artificial intelligence systems are those that do tasks that are thought to be human-like. These systems are normally more complicated and difficult. When required, they can solve issues on their own because that is how they were intended to work. These sorts of technology are used in applications like driverless cars and operating rooms in hospitals.
AI has some subfields like.:
Machine learning automates analytical model building, to find hidden insights in data without being programmed to look for something in particular or draw a certain conclusion.
Neural networks Imitate The brain’s array of interconnected neurons, and relay information between various units to find connections and derived meaning from data.
Deep learning utilizes really big neural networks and a lot of computing power to find complex patterns in data, such as image and speech recognition.
Cognitive computing is about creating a “Natural Human like interaction.”, including using the ability to interrupt speech and respond to it.
Computer vision employs pattern recognition and deep learning to understand the content of pictures and videos, and to Enable machine to use real time images to make sense of what’s around them.
Natural language processing involves analyzing and understanding human language and responding to it.
Advantages of artificial intelligence:
Disadvantages of AI:
Reduction in human error: Computer’s if programmed properly with artificial intelligence gives 100% accuracy as compared to task performed by human as there is always a chance for human mistakes.
Digital assistance: Some of the highly advantaged organization used digital assistance to interact with users, which saves the need for human resources. Example. Chat bot.
Faster decisions: Using AI alongside other technologies. Make machines make decision faster than a human and carry out actions quicker.
Daily applications: Daily application such as Apple’s Siri, Window’s Cortana, Google’s OK google are frequently used in our daily routine, whether it is for searching a location, taking a selfie, making a phone call, replying to email and many more.
High Cost of creation – As the machines used in AI based environment are very complex and high in price. It increases, the cost of overall setup.
Unemployment: As AI is replacing the majority of repetitive tasks and other works with robots. This will reduce human interference but cause a major problem. In the employment standards.